There were numerous prominent proponents and strategists that their perceptivity shape the Chinese conception of world and domestic order. The Chinese generalities of order are grounded on the doctrines of Confucius, Mozi, the Art of War by Sun Tzu, and the legalism. These concepts are based on the high morality and the responsibility, the economic growth, the enforcement of the law, and the power of military. Confucius believes that in order to develop the society we have to develop human conscience, morality, and knowledge first. His principle of five relationships is the center of peace, order, harmony and prosperity. They are: leader and ministers, the parents and children, the husband and wife, the elder brother and younger brother, and the friendship.
Confucius believed that the leader is the superior man that sent by the heaven to create the harmony on earth. Therefore, the leader must be a virtuous, wise and faithful. The leader sets the good example for his ministers and people. The people will benefit from the wisdom and the virtue of the leader. For the ministers, they are in the middle of the leader and the people. So, they have to be honest to both the leader and people. They have to be honest to their obligations and perform their duties well. For the people, Confucius focused on the proper behavior and good heart. This’s what China now called “Humane Authority”.
Differ to Confucianism who focuses on the morality and the amenability of the leader and the people, the legalism believes on the tough discipline and the enforcement of the law. This academy of study believes that the nature of human are cruel, deceptive, untruthful, selfish, and disordered. In order to suppress these natures and put the people back to the order, the discipline and the law enforcement are demanded. This academy of study attained its preeminence at the time of Warring States.